The Labor Standards Act requires employers to obtain a family relationship certificate proving their age and consent from their parental authority or guardian when hiring minors under the age of 18. Accordingly, teenagers under the age of 15 to 17 must receive two documents before working part-time. Please note that family relations certificates can be issued by the district office or community service center. If the documents were issued, would a minor be able to work part-time right away? The answer is not. What you can do depends on your age.
Even if you are 18 years of age or older, you are legally a teenager. The Labor Standards Act prohibits teenagers under the age of 19 from working in so-called harmful businesses for youth. Representatively, there are PC rooms, karaoke rooms, and comic book cafes. These workplaces are “businesses that cannot hire teenagers” that allow teenagers to enter but cannot be hired. The same is true of businesses that sell alcoholic beverages such as pubs.
What about convenience stores? At the convenience store, even those under the age of 18 can work part-time. However, teenagers are legally unable to work at night, so they should avoid working between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. the following day. In principle, minors are prohibited from working more than 7 hours a day, but additional work is also possible if they want. The Labor Standards Act prohibits workers aged 15 to 18 years of age (younger workers) from working more than 7 hours a day and 35 hours a week but allows overtime work within 1 hour a day and 6 hours a week if they wish to work. It’s only if you want to. If the working hours were inevitably extended due to the coercion of the employer, it could constitute a violation of the Labor Standards Act, resulting in imprisonment for up to two years or a fine of up to 10 million won. In principle, holiday work is prohibited, but if a minor wishes to work on a night holiday, he or she can work with the approval of the Minister of Employment and Labor.
People often think that part-time jobs are short-term, so they do not need labor contracts, but they are not. Part-time jobs also require employers and employees to sign labor contracts before starting work. Minors must sign the contract. Parents cannot fill it out for them because they are young. This can be seen as a procedure to confirm that they work according to voluntary intentions. The contract must specify the working contract period, place of work, working hours, wage payment, and annual paid leave.
Can middle school students work part-time? It is possible. However, the Labor Standards Act requires teenagers aged 13 to 15 to obtain a job license from the Ministry of Employment and Labor in order to work part-time. It should be noted that the employment license only allows work for specific industries, so it does not apply to other industries.