Youngest children in class more likely to be diagnosed with learning disability

Nearly twice as many December-born students will be diagnosed with a learning impairment as January-born students in school districts that use the December 31 cut-off date. ADHD was shown to have no effect on the probability of a learning impairment being diagnosed based on the child’s birth month. Children born in Finland between 1996 and 2002 were included in the new registry-based research. At least three hundred and forty-thousand children were identified by the age of ten as having a particular learning impairment, such as difficulty with reading, writing, or arithmetic skills.

Doctoral Candidate, MD Bianca Arrhenius from the Centre for Child Psychiatry at the University of Turku, Finland says, “We were aware of the effects of the relative age on general school performance, but there were no previous studies on the association between clinically diagnosed specific learning disorders and the relative age, and that is why we wanted to study it”. According to prior research, kids born later in the year are more likely to suffer from mental health problems, do poorly in school, and be harassed.

Dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are unrelated. ADHD is a common diagnosis for children who have learning difficulties. It was discovered that ADHD had no effect on the relationship between the month of birth and the probability of receiving a learning disability diagnosis when compared to children who only had a learning disability diagnosis. “It was a surprise to learn this information. Most of the time, children who are sent to specialized care have more complicated issues. Given prior study results on the relationship between relative age and ADHD, we were surprised by the substantial effect of relative age on “pure” learning deficit “Dr. Arrhenius concurs.

“Psychological examinations for identifying learning problems also take into consideration the precise age of the kid more than techniques used to diagnose ADHD. As a result, we anticipated more modest variations in the months of birth in the future as well.. It seems that sending young infants to specialist health care is easier “As Arrhenius contemplates, he thinks.

attempting to achieve racial parity

Teachers, health care providers, and parents should be mindful of the phenomena of relative age while evaluating a child’s learning capacity, according to the findings of recent research.

“Some kids may be diagnosed too much or too little, which means older students may be omitted from receiving necessary diagnosis and treatment because of an overdiagnosis or underdiagnosis of their condition. One way to equalize the impact of relative age on referrals to specialist health care is to conduct a more systematic screening for learning impairments “Arrhenius is of the opinion.

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