As the number of dementia patients is expected to increase rapidly with the aging population, health authorities have decided to lay the foundation for research to overcome dementia.
The National Institute of Health of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said it will introduce a cohort research foundation to overcome dementia and support the development of dementia prevention or diagnostic treatment technology.
Based on the ongoing clinical research on dementia, the National Institute of Health plans to establish various cohorts and provide in-depth data for identifying the cause of dementia and developing prevention and treatment technologies.
The cohort of elderly dementia patients targets patients aged 65 or older suffering from Alzheimer’s dementia, vascular dementia, and Louise’s dementia, and will recruit about 850 people over the next three years to monitor the progress of the disease every year.
In a cohort study of dementia patients before the age of 65, 400 patients will be recruited and observed for three years, and the characteristics of their families, including patients, will be identified to find genes that cause early dementia.
A study of the elderly dementia cohort (about 1,700 people) in the community will also be conducted by selecting high-risk dementia groups for those aged 55 or older visiting the Dementia Prevention Management Center in Gwangju Senior Health Town.
In order to produce high-quality data and increase data utilization, all clinical information, including brain image information and genomic information collected by the cohort, is integrated and managed through a clinical research database operated by a research team specializing in clinical information.
Clinical information and human resources collected through the cohort will be donated to the National Human Resources Bank of the National Institute of Health of the KDCA and disclosed to general researchers in the future.