A few days ago, SpaceX has launched the “Inspiration4” spacecraft, which has no trained astronauts on board. The mission’s main pilot, Sian Proctor, returned to Twitter with very positive updates. The Inspiration 4 successfully landed in the Atlantic Ocean, near Florida, after spending three days in orbit of Earth.
The Inspiration 4 mission is so valuable not in the sense that it discovered something big for humanity, but that it was the first civilians in space. Hayley, 29, is a physician assistant at St. Jude Children’s Hospital and served as the medical officer of the mission. Dr.Proctor was a community college professor and she was the first Black woman to serve as the pilot of a space mission. Chris Sembroski was the mission specialist and is a ukulele player. Jared Isaacman, 38, the commander. It was his idea for this mission and he financed it. These people are clearly not trained astronauts, which is the reason why this mission is so valuable to humankind. This mission gives some proof that people can fly to space, even without professional training.
That does not mean that no training whatsoever is not required for these missions. The four have gone through water falling training, which is to train for the landing process of pulling the parachute open and slowing things down. They also trained in military flyer jets to be able to handle the huge pressure of the spacecraft when it flies to outer space. They have also done other training that astronauts do for their whole career to be able to handle the near-zero gravity of outer space.
This mission benefitted the medical researchers as well. There were fewer than 600 people that actually flew to outer space, so the change in the human body would be hard to discover. Medical researchers are trying to look into the effects of flying to outer space on our bodies, thus was looking for more people to fly to outer space. This mission, proving that people can fly to outer space without a big problem, would encourage more to fly to space and back, thus making more “tests” for the researchers to conduct.