Human microbiota has a significant impact on wellness and illness, and new investigations of people’s microbiota have shown links between microbiota and a diverse array of noninfectious human disorders. One important example is the bacteria in the human intestines, which perform essential metabolic, physiological, and immunological activities, and if this ecosystem is disturbed, it may greatly affect a person’s health and well-being. It is crucial to understand the makeup of healthy microbiota since diseased conditions influence their make-up. Many research have been done to see whether there is a connection between one’s microbiota and their host illnesses. In these studies, humans have been shown to have very diverse microbiota, but the findings have not yet shown any obvious conclusions.
The way that gut bacteria associates with the host’s disorders and how these microbes form may have an effect on the treatment of chronic illnesses, such as inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, and the like. Humans can better diagnose and prevent disease as well as discover new drugs by finding and revealing relationships between microbes and illnesses. The only significant thing done till now is an attempt to comprehend and anticipate large-scale human microbe–disease relationships. Expansive and time-consuming are the conventional techniques. Our goal is to investigate these microbe-disease connections using huge data which was acquired through the prior conventional experimental techniques, compared to the traditional experimental methodology. To discover links between microorganisms and the illnesses of their host, researchers have to use several statistical and computational approaches.
Even though the area of data science has been impacted by advancements in artificial intelligence, huge data-driven computational techniques for advanced analysis and forecasting have been created to assist many kinds of data-related disciplines. Previous research of the human microbe-disease pairings uncovered certain correlations that exist between them. So, it’s essential to construct sophisticated computational models that can uncover microbe-disease correlations. The computational techniques have been shown to be quite effective in experimental studies of microbial connections to illness and other occurrences. Therefore, we may expect additional computer models for microbe-disease association prediction to be created in order to encourage future research efforts with all the work we can spare.