Society

Bipolar Disorder

Nearly everyone has had an experience with mood swings, where you have a sudden change in mood or emotional state. Mood swings are usually seen as normal and occur due to hormones. However there is a disorder called the bipolar disorder, where mood swings are seen as problematic. Bipolar disorder is seen as a mental illness because it causes severe changes in many different aspects of one’s life including sleep, thinking, and behavior. Bipolar disorder is also known as maniac depression because in psychology, mania means psychological condition that causes a person to experience unreasonable euphoria, very intense moods, hyperactivity, and delusions. It is important to know information about this disorder in order to be able to recognize it and seek treatment if necessary.

There are many different symptoms when it comes to bipolar disorder. The special thing about bipolar disorder is that at one time you may be feeling very energetic and alive, yet all of a sudden you may feel drowsy and tired. During the “high times”, people with bipolar disorder may also have less need for an appetite and sleep. However, during the “low times”, people with bipolar disorder need more sleep and have bigger appetites. The symptoms during these high and low times are very severe, as some may have suicidal thoughts during low times and abuse drug and alcohol during the high times.

So how is bipolar disorder diagnosed? Well, seeking a medical professional is the first step towards treating bipolar disorder. They can run some tests and see how severe the disorder is and determine what treatment is required. Diagnosis must be done by medical professionals because diagnosis of bipolar disorder requires deep and extensive research into things like family history and such.

There is not any known causes for bipolar disorders, but there may be some factors that contribute to it. For example, brain function and genetics may play a huge factor in determining whether someone has bipolar disorders or not. However, nothing is certain and set in stone about who gets bipolar disorder.

Bipolar disorder treatment mainly revolves around medication such as mood stabilizers, antidepressants, and anti-anxiety drugs. Psychotherapy is also another recommended method to treat bipolar disorder. ECT is another recommended treatment method. It creates small seizures to change the balance of certain chemicals. Exercise, support groups, and self-awareness are also good lifestyle changes to help with bipolar disorder

All in all, bipolar disorder is a disorder that has many negative symptoms. The causes of this disorder are unknown, thus making it more difficult to understand this disorder and how to treat it. However, like all other disorders, it can be treated with the help of medical professionals. Hopefully in the future bipolar disorder has less of a grasp on the world than it does now.

Sources:

https://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/mental-health-bipolar-disorder#:~:text=Bipolar%20disorder%2C%20also%20known%20as,sad%2C%20hopeless%2C%20and%20sluggish.

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/

https://www.healthline.com/health/bipolar-disorder

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