Infant, by definition, is a very young child or baby. As many already know, young children and babies are more susceptible to health problems because of their lack of body maturity. One big example of this is epilepsy, which affects many infants to this day because of their body’s lack of ability to combat these seizures. There are many factors that contribute to the cause of epilepsy in infants, which helps determine which area of the infant’s body doctors need to focus. Luckily these seizures can be prevented and minimized by taking certain precautions when the baby is born.
First lets dig deeper into how to identify these seizures and about how many babies experience seizures like this. Infant seizures are not very common but still happen in many infants. According to the University of Chicago, about 100 in 100,000 infants experience some type of seizure. Apparently these seizures are difficult to identify, but there are some specific behaviors the infant will partake in if they have a seizure. For example, the infant’s eyes may lean to one side, the infant might uncontrollably wave their arms or legs, and the infant have repeated spasms.
Next it is important to know the causes of these seizures, because it will determine where it all went wrong for the child. There are four main different causes of these seizures and they include structural causes, metabolic causes, infectious causes, and genetic causes. Structural causes have to do with the infant’s brain. Seizures are more likely to happen if an infant’s brain is not fully developed and there are structural weaknesses. Metabolic causes are related to low levels of glucose, because low levels of glucose indicates low blood sugar levels and that can cause problems in the infant’s central nervous system. Infectious causes is when a certain infection like meningitis affects the child’s brain. Lastly genetic causes, these causes are the easiest to find because it is a trait that is inherent in their family line so discovering is easier than the other cases.
Finally, how to treat these seizures is vital because the infant stage is a crucial part of a child’s brain development and there cannot be anything standing in the mind’s way. The only real answer of how to treat infant seizures is to take them to a hospital immediately in order to receive care from medical professionals. Infant seizures are treated typically in the NICU, where they diagnose the type of seizure and promptly begin treatment. Failing to get quick treatment have prove to be disastrous because these seizures can slow down the child’s brain development and their brain may never reach their full potential.
All in all, infant seizures vary in causes but in the end all infant seizures are negative for the child as it spurns their brain development. Brain development during the first stages of a child’s life is very crucial thus why the topic of infant seizures is of such importance. The more exposure infant seizures is given, the higher the chance infants with seizures can be saved quickly and effectively.