Society

What is Antibiotic Resistance?

Antibiotics are widely used in the medical world in order to help patients fight bacterial infections and also help prevent bacterial infiltration into an immune system. Although antibiotics are mainly effective in wiping out bacterial infections, some bacteria develop new abilities that enable them fight the antibiotics, and this ability to fight the antibiotic is known as antibiotic resistance. The bacteria continues to grow inside the patient because the antibiotic cannot kill it. Of course this will cause problems as the bacteria has not been combated and the immune system is unable to as well. Cases of antibiotic resistance acquire more intensive care in the hospitals and other more undesired solutions in order to combat.

The threat of antibiotics continues to grow because of the range of people that they affect and the lack of ability to combat the rising antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance can affect anyone in any stage of their life; it does not get better or worse with age, and this is why it is one of the most urgent medical problems because of the fact that anyone can become a victim. According to the CDC, at least 2.8 million people get infected with bacteria that contain antibiotic resistance, and 35,000 people die because of antibiotic resistance. Another reason it is so dangerous is that there is no universally used method to combat antibiotic resistance in bacteria. This is because there is no clear and effective method in order to remove antibiotic resistance in bacteria.

Antibiotic resistance is becoming more difficult to combat because in some countries antibiotics can be used without prescription, which means that an alarming amount of people use antibiotics without a doctor’s insight. This creates problems because more and more bacteria are exposed to these antibiotics, this means more bacteria can develop antibiotic resistance. These newly antibiotic resistance bacterias can then be transmitted to more people around the world through travel.

This leads to the question, how can antibiotic resistance be stopped? Well at this moment antibiotic resistance cannot be completely wiped due to the fact that bacteria adapt very fast to new antibiotics. However it can be slowed until researchers and scientists figure out a different type of antibiotic that will be difficult for bacteria to adapt. Antibiotic prescription should be given out less because too much antibiotic use will lead to faster bacterial adaptation to the antibiotics. So it really comes down to health care workers restricting the use of antibiotics unless totally neccesary.

Sources:

https://www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/about.html#:~:text=Antibiotic%20resistance%20happens%20when%20germs,killed%20and%20continue%20to%20grow.

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/antibiotic-resistance

Categories: Society