Oral care helps to reduce pneumonia in nursing home patients of age.

Pneumonia is the most prevalent nosocomial infection in the elderly community, as well as being the most common cause of death from this condition. People who develop bacterial pneumonia are believed to have an organism that inhabits the oropharynx, and it is assumed that a person might aspirate oropharyngeal contents and thus bring these species to the lower respiratory tract. Many nursing home residents, especially those who are older, have compromised oral health because of difficulties accessing dental services and the lack of adequate personal oral hygiene measures. Periodontal disorder is associated with increased risk of infection by anaerobic bacteria. These bacteria could come from dental plaque in patients with this condition. Although it has not been tested in any of these settings, our best guess is that it is possible to reduce the risk by better oral hygiene. We administered oral treatment in an effort to further decrease the incidence of silent aspiration in these patients in the current sample. An experiment that has just been commented on elsewhere was a tentative test.

Pneumonia is often called “the old man’s friend” because it is associated with a higher incidence of pneumonia among older adults, which leads to a significant mortality rate. The mortality rate for institutionalized patients is 80%, but among patients who are providing oral treatment, the rate of mortality related to pneumonia is about half of that of non-oral-care patients.
Medical therapies for pneumonia had a greater impact on mortality than did the administration of oral care, according to the data.

Orally related concerns like chewing, swallowing, listening, facial aesthetics, and social interaction are all linked.
There was a substantial difference in MMSE scores at the 24th month in people providing oral treatment as compared to those that were not, but there was no net increase in ADL and MMSE scores owing to oral care. Regardless to if they had influenza, we prescribed the MMSE to people who remained living for two years. As a result, patients that have pneumonia could have lower scores on ADL and MMSE, respectively.

Categories: Dental