Clinical

Panic Disorder in Teens

People’s perception of panic disorder has been growing recently, with many celebrities disclosing that they are suffering from it. However, many people do not acknowledge that teenagers can also suffer from panic disorder. Not only adults but also teenagers can suffer from panic attacks and disorders resulting from academic stress and peer pressure.

Panic disorder in children and adolescents is the reaction in situations where the body’s alarm system malfunctions and feels threatened, even though it is not a particularly threatening situation. It is a disease that accompanies extreme fear along with difficulty breathing, chest pain, and seizures, and it is generally diagnosed as an adolescent panic disorder if such seizures occur for more than a month and disrupt daily life.

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Panic disorder involves panic attacks which show symptoms such as sweating, suffocation, chest pain, nausea, and increased heart rate, reaching a peak within 10 minutes, causing extreme fear. ​ Unlike other anxiety disorders, panic attacks are symptoms that can only occur in various spaces and situations. If symptoms are chronic, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial because they can lead to phobia, anti-inflammatory, closed phobia, and depression.

As with many mental health conditions, the exact cause of the panic disorder is not fully understood. It can be largely divided into psychosocial and neurobiological factors. Psychological and social factors can cause adolescent panic disorder if you experience serious mental stress such as stress from interpersonal relationships, academic stress, experience of separation in childhood, and loss of close people. Neurobiological factors include an imbalance of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, serotonin, and γ-aminobutyricacid, dysfunction of the temporal lobe, heart disease, stroke, and allergic reactions.

It is important to receive prompt treatment as earliest as possible because the symptoms worsen as they are left unattended, and can interfere with the child’s interpersonal relationship, academic and normal development.

Sources: https://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Panic-Disorder-In-Children-And-Adolescents-050.aspx

http://www.amc.seoul.kr/asan/healthinfo/disease/diseaseDetail.do?contentId=31583

Categories: Clinical