On the 24th, the Ministry of Science and ICT and the Office for Government Policy Coordination of South Korea announced a roadmap for artificial intelligence laws, systems, and regulations consisting of 30 major tasks. This roadmap was prepared through consultations with experts from academia, legal, and technology sectors and related ministries. It is also known that it considered the current level of artificial intelligence technology and trends in legislations in and outside of Korea.
The government’s roadmap for artificial intelligence laws, systems, and regulations is composed of 30 tasks in 11 areas. In order to lay the foundation for the artificial intelligence industry, the government will establish legal grounds for▲ Creating a foundation for revitalizing the data economy ▲ Securing algorithm transparency and fairness ▲ Establishing an artificial intelligence responsibility system ▲ Establishing artificial intelligence ethics.
In addition, in six areas, including ▲ Medical ▲ Finance ▲ Administration ▲ Employment and Labor ▲ Employment and Welfare ▲ Transportation, they will institutionalize legal grounds and relief measures for the introduction of artificial intelligence.
Transparency and fairness of artificial intelligence algorithms, which have recently been the most controversial, will be secured through autonomous evaluation of companies. The government will present certain screening criteria and guidelines.
It will also provide a platform for IP (Intellectual Property) of artificial intelligence. The government will review whether to recognize the intellectual property rights of investors and developers of artificial intelligence creations starting next year and revise related laws. It will also discuss legal responsibilities such as damages and injuries caused by the autonomous judgment of artificial intelligence and lay the groundwork for compensation.
It is also planning to create a foundation for revitalizing the data economy. The government will prepare a bill by the first half of next year that accurately presents the concepts, subjects, and responsibilities of data. It will also introduce a system for data utilization in other industries such as laws for the utilization of data by industry, the Digital Transition Promotion Act for data industries, and the Smart Manufacturing Innovation Act for SMEs.
Legal devices will be established for the foundation of trust in artificial intelligence in the medical and financial sectors. The government will also discuss whether or not to apply health insurance by measuring the effects of artificial intelligence medical devices. It will also lead to international standards for AI medical devices. To ensure that artificial intelligence can be used reliably in the financial market, the government will introduce a system such as operating an electronic explanation evaluation certification system and sharing information on abnormal financial transactions.
In the administrative sector, the law will also be revised to utilize artificial intelligence. Under the current bill, artificial intelligence cannot be the subject of judgment. Based on the Framework Act on Administration, the government will establish a legal basis for artificial intelligence to judge, and prepare a remedy procedure for the occurrence of artificial intelligence errors.
It also suggested countermeasures against job losses caused by artificial intelligence. The government will expand the social safety net, including employment insurance, according to new jobs and job changes. It will prepare a revision bill for the application of employment insurance for platform workers and then introduce related measures.
“The spread of artificial intelligence technology is fast, and it is converging in various industries,” said Kim Kyung-man, head of the artificial intelligence-based policy division at the Ministry of Information and Communication. “Decisions are often made through artificial intelligence. However, even if something unexpected happens, it is difficult to seek remedies due to insufficient laws and systems,” he said. “We expect to protect individual rights by clarifying legal grounds through this roadmap.”
Press release by the MSIT. (n.d.). Retrieved December 24, 2020, from https://www.msit.go.kr/bbs/view.do?sCode=user&mId=113&mPid=112&pageIndex=&bbsSeqNo=94&nttSeqNo=3179742&searchOpt=ALL&searchTxt=