According to the USA Today article, “When might a COVID-19 vaccine be authorized? FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn answers common questions,” a limited supply of a COVID-19 vaccine is planning to be distributed to front-line medical staff.
Elizabeth Wise writes, “Drug companies Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca have the leading vaccine candidates.”From the USA Today article, “When might a COVID-19 vaccine be authorized? FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn answers common questions”
FDA Commissioner Stephan Hahn answers commonly asked questions for USA Today. To view the whole FAQ, visit USA Today’s article, “When might a COVID-19 vaccine be authorized? FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn answers common questions”
INFORMATION ON THE EUA
Companies can apply for either a license (Biologics License Application) or an Emergency Use Authorization(EUA). The EUA is an authorization that Congress provided to the FDA following the 9/11 terrorist attacks to allow counter-measures, medications or vaccines to be available earlier than would usually have been the case in the approval process. The standard used for the EUA is that it must be effective in the treatment/prevention of COVID-19. For vaccines, it is extremely important because unlike treatments, vaccines are given to relatively healthy people.
The FDA will follow up on the vaccines to see how long they are effective at a minimum of two years (and probably longer). The FDA will also try to be as transparent as possible towards the public regarding updates on the vaccine. Their intentions are to be understanding and relatable towards Americans. To make sure they have a robust assessment of safety, the FDA will be setting up systems to follow an authorized vaccine’s safety and effectiveness.
It is still unsure whether schools would be able to mandate the vaccine among each individual and I think that may take more time to figure out. Modern day vaccines for other illnesses are widely used, but not mandated since everyone is entitled to their own opinion. It would not be a surprise if there were families that were uncomfortable getting the vaccine, whether it is because it is in its early stages and they are unsure whether it is safe, or they are “ant-vaccine” and believe that all vaccines are bad for their health.