So what is the second wave? We all know what the first wave is since most of the globe is in it at this moment. But what is a second wave? Waves are essentially large spikes in the number of Coronavirus cases. As hopkins medical describes it, “As communities begin to reopen, people are understandably eager to be able to go out and resume some of their regular activities. But we don’t yet have an effective therapy or vaccine, so the reopenings are intended to take place safely while maintaining social distancing, and masking and hand-washing as we’ve done over the last few months. Some people relax these infection prevention efforts as soon as places begin to reopen, and this can cause the number of coronavirus infections to rise.”
Although it may seem that each wave is just a repeat, it really isn’t. It gets worse each and every time. The first wave of covid-19 started as a small number of people. But as time went on and still no safety measures were taken by the general population, the numbers began to rapidly increase. The number of cases at first grew exponentially but the steepness of the curve began to flatten which is where the term “flattening the curve” came to be.
The US used to be one of the leading countries with Covid-19 cases but recently Europe has been seeing a massive spike in cases. When we look at Europe’s daily covid-19 cases report, there was a small spike in April but after that, it was a pretty flat curve. Until recently, in September, in just one month, the daily number of covid-19 cases have skyrocketed from just about 25,000 to about 109,000. The reason for this spike is because of reopenings. Recently, countries such as Spain and Italy have opened their borders for tourists. According to Axios, another leading cause of the increase in cases is younger people who aren’t affected as much by covid. The good news is that many areas in Europe have ordered another set of social restrictions which is something that must be done to flatten the curve.